In this chapter, we give an overview of the ecosystem services provided by the grassland ecosystem on the Loess Plateau and demonstrate the possibilities for multifunctional grassland utilisation. Benefits also include the hosting and protection of sites and landscapes of high cultural, spiritual, or recreational value. Grasslands occupy about one-half the total land are in the contiguous 48 states and therefore deserve attention and proper utilization by everyone concerned with good stewardship of the earth. Published: August 22, 2017 Forages, Livestock. Grasslands also support biodiversity and cultural services and are an important stock of carbon. Grasslands cover a major share of the world’s agricultural area and are important for global food security. Economic Benefits of Smart Growth and Costs of Sprawl; Organization of This Guide. Allowing grassland habitats in urban settings for the provision of native or naturalised grasses and flowering plants offers several advantages: 1. 2. They provide ecological infrastructure and economic benefits to a range of users, from families to municipalities and metropolitan centres. A Review of Current Research on their Total Economic Value. Grassland ecosystems are present in every single continent on this planet with the sole exception of Antarctica, which is too cold to sustain a grassland ecosystem. Downloadable (with restrictions)! There are five Ramsar wetlands and three world heritage sites in South Africa’s grasslands. The need to place a value on the ecosystem goods and services and the social and cultural non-use values of natural areas has been identified as important since the 1990's, and techniques have been developed to help 'monetize' these values. This review summarizes the current literature regarding the TEV of goods and services provided by indigenous temperate grasslands, highlights research gaps and identifies future priorities. and economic value of grasslands are maintained, restored and enhanced, while promoting their social and cultural functions globally, and three contributing outcomes: Outcome 1: Grassland values and issues are visible in international policy and finance discussions . The climate is temperate and semi-arid to semi-humid. We economically evaluate these effects, using a rich dataset from 16 intensively managed grassland sites across Europe. There are socio-economic and environmental differences among the different Mediterranean regions, but they share common issues on grasslands sustainability and research. Given the diversity of habitats that are associated with urban greenspaces and the diversity of the types of grassland that can be successfully established in such settings, grasslands offer a very versatile and practical means of expanding the social and economic benefits offered by greenspace. One effective avenue for drawing more attention to the need for preserving grasslands is to emphasize the economic aspects and benefits of grasslands, relative to the costs of degradation and the cost of inaction. Grasslands. “Grasslands are globally important because they are a natural Carbon Sink and natural carbon sinks are an important part of a natural process called Carbon Cycle. Grasslands occur in environments conducive to the growth of this plant cover but not to that of taller plants, particularly trees and shrubs. This publication is an outcome of the 15th Meeting of the FAO-CIHEAM Inter-regional Cooperative Research and Development Sub-Network on Mediterranean Pastures and Fodder Crops titled “Ecosystem services and socio-economic benefits of Mediterranean grasslands”, organised in Orestiada (Greece) from 12 to 14 April 2014, by the Mediterranean Agronomic Institute of Zaragoza/International Centre for Advanced Mediterranean Agronomic Studies, the Democritus University of Thrace, the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki and the Hellenic Range and Pasture Society. Multidisciplinary investigations are needed to identify the best-adapted and most productive grassland species and mixtures along with the most appropriate grazing management to produce high-quality livestock products. This report documents the current and limited understanding of the TEV of the goods and services provided by temperate grasslands. Grasslands provide both ecological and economic benefits to local residents and society in general. The Meeting will bring together scientists and specialists from countries of the Mediterranean regions, to present studies and to discuss research strategies and experiences allowing to face current challenges in grassland management. Grassland, area in which the vegetation is dominated by a nearly continuous cover of grasses. The term grassland agriculture is a familiar one in a number of European countries but perhaps not as familiar in the United States. As an effort to make a stronger case for conservation and protection, the TGCI identified the need to better understand the total economic value (TEV) of temperate grasslands to human social and cultural well-being. As a result, temperate grasslands are one of the least understood global biomes in terms of their value to sustainable economic uses, and the provision of socio-cultural and ecosystem goods and services that contribute to human well-being. The fundamental purpose of the Temperate Grasslands Conservation Initiative (TGCI) is to reverse this trend and increase the level of conservation and protection of temperate grasslands through establishing additional formally protected areas and encouraging ecologically sustainable land use practices throughout the biome. Mediterranean grasslands (including rangelands, pastures, meadows, fodder crops) are important resources covering up to 48% of the whole region. Grasslands are the most endangered habitat in Manitoba. But will it help or hinder the plants and animals that call these rare habitats home? Economic benefits can usually be valued in monetary terms but the social functions of forests are more difficult to measure and can vary considerably among countries, depending on their traditions and level of development. The grasslands biome is one of the most threatened biomes in South Africa, with 30% irreversibly transformed and only 1.9% of the biodiversity target for the biome formally conserved. Introduction. This would require less intensive grazing systems and use of rough grazing lands, but may have other environmental benefits, such as improved biodiversity in high nature value grasslands. Protecting grasslands contributes positively to the economy of many regions, provides biodiversity of plant and animal populations, and improves environmental quality. ©2020 IUCN, International Union for Conservation of Nature. ... Economic importance of Grassland Ecosystem. Downloadable! 2005, Lemaire et al. In a biome with the highest Conservation Risk Index globally, our understanding of the TEV of the goods and services provided by indigenous temperate grasslands is therefore virtually non-existent. While the agricultural sector represents 9 percent of U.S. greenhouse gas emissions, there is growing evidence that soils on agricultural lands, especially grasslands, can store a considerable amount of carbon dioxide. Advantages and Disadvantages of Species-rich Grassland Restoration Methods Choosing a method of restoration should take account of the relationship between the … 3. Conserving the natural grasslands of South America As agriculture, forestry, roads and urbanization brought economic development to the vast grasslands of South America, the area of this important ecosystem was reduced by half. Click here, Sembrando Capacidades promueve intercambio de conocimientos para la construcción de líneas de investigación en agroecología en Brasil y Colombia, Programa de Sistemas Agroalimentarios de Camote, Políticas públicas en agroecología y producción orgánica en Brasil es tema segundo seminario virtual, Regional Office for Europe and Central Asia, Regional Office for Latin America and the Caribbean, Regional Office for the Near East and North Africa. The value is higher than reported in Xie et al.’s [22] research, in which the value of alpine grassland services equaled $295/ha by using empirical formulas. Although grasses make up the dominant layer of the grassland, only one in six plants are actually grass species. o General information about the use of economics in the Forest Service. economic benefits of Mediterranean grasslands”. Our results go beyond these earlier findings and show that this also holds for quality corrected yields, i.e. Intensive agriculture has replaced 41 percent of the world’s temperate grasslands and another 13.5 percent have been converted to urban, industrial and other uses. Climate change may expand existing grasslands as the average global temperature climbs. Plant diversity attracts insects (including butterflies and bees), arthropods (from spiders to millipedes), birds and mammals. Ubiquity. There are several grassland products the economic values of those are unclear in several cases. Benefits also include the hosting and protection of sites and landscapes of high cultural, spiritual, or recreational value. There are over 11 million acres of grasslands within Abstract. Reading Time: 3 minutes. By supporting ranchers who hold grazing permits, the Forest Service is helping to revitalize and strengthen rural economies. Carbon sequestration represents another opportunity for ranchers to accrue both economic and ecological benefits from regenerative grazing practices. Grasslands cover a major share of the world’s agricultural area and are important for global food security. Economic impact studies identify a variety of economic benefits generated by biodiversity. Our findings on risk reducing properties and possible economic benefits of plant species diversity in grasslands are in line with earlier research (Schläpfer et al., 2002; Koellner and Schmitz, 2006; Finger and Buchmann, 2015; Binder et al., 2018). What are global temperate grasslands worth? The cool, moist spring stimulates early growth and the light showers in the ripening period help to swell the grains to ensure a good yield. Ecological research suggests that greater biodiversity could lead to greater economic value, even for private owners of “working” land. Less than 1% of Manitoba’s original 6,000 square kilometers of tall-grass prairie remain. We economically evaluate these effects, using a rich dataset from 16 intensively managed grassland sites across Europe. which contribute extensively to the benefits provided by grasslands and which were targeted by the 2010 pilot study. Mediterranean grasslands (including rangelands, pastures, meadows, fodder crops) are important resources covering up to 48% of the whole region. The tem­perate grasslands are ideal for extensive wheat cultivation. The importance of grasslands lies not only in the immense area they cover, but also in the diversity of benefits they produce. Integrating grassland agriculture into a farming system provides a number of important benefits to … Mexico, Central America and the Caribbean, Environmental, Economic and Social Policy (CEESP), World Commission on Environmental Law (WCEL), World Commission on Protected Areas (WCPA). If the lime advice for grassland exceeds 7.5 t/ha ;initially only this amount should be applied, and the remainder applied after two years. Approximately 75 percent of Alberta Grassland provide us with a range of EGS; tangible benefits that we understand and only sometimes value in existing markets. However, the lightly degraded grassland gain some economic benefit compared to the non-degradation grassland caused by carbon maintenance and nitrogen sequestration. We economically evaluate these effects, using a rich dataset from 16 intensively managed grassland sites across Europe. Although these ecosystems are a key element in the production of high quality animal products and in the livelihoods of producers, they provide a range of ecosystem services besides forage production, such as biodiversity conservation, habitat for wildlife, carbon fixation, prevention of erosion and nutrient storage… The grasslands of southern Alberta provide many environmental, economic and social benefits to residents of the province. An economic benefit is any benefit that we can quantify in terms of the money that it generates.Net income and revenues, for example, are forms of economic benefit.Profit and net cash flow are also economic benefits.. An economic benefit may also refer to a reduction in something such as a cost. While National Grasslands are valued for these basic goods, they also deliver other important services that are often perceived to be free and limitless. 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