Arete (‘Virtue’) Theme in Homer’s Iliad Essay Free Essay. The goddesses play very demanding, controlling roles in “The Odyssey”. In the Odyssey, the trickster archetype is found in the character of Penelope, Odysseus' wife. The first is to have time, honor. Penelope's arete, for example, relates to co-operation, for which she is praised by Agamemnon. When they find out that he is a traveler lost on his way, they offer him passage home. The excellence of the gods generally included their power, but, in the Odyssey (13.42), the gods can grant excellence to a life, which is contextually understood to mean prosperity. The first type of woman, the bad, disrespectful woman is portrayed through two characters. Because Penelope uses trickery to deceive her unwanted suitors. Fenik points out that “When Odysseus makes his plea to Arete the Phaeacians fall silent until Echeneos bids … They are interested in hearing his story and sharing theirs. Arete was revered by her society because of her wisdom and was even called upon to settle men’s differences which was really uncommon in that clip. Odyssey. The stories The Odyssey and The Ramayana are similar in many ways but the characters themselves are a bit different. Telemachus, the focus of the first four books of The Odyssey, provides an early example of good hospitality as both a host and a guest. As Odysseus sleeps, Athena flies to a Phaeacian city where the princess Nausicaa, daughter of the king Alcinous, lies sleeping.Disguised as a girl the princess's age, Athena scolds her for the poor condition of her clothes, and suggests that they go to the shore to wash them. It referred to “a young hero’s responsibility – their moral imperative,” the acquisition and mastery of intellectual and physical skills from elders in defense of the state (where the … Arete is associated … Alcinous questions whether Odysseus is a deity; he reassures him he is not. Homer wrote about arete in the Iliad and Odyssey in relation to heroes. This is an example of an epithet, a phrase that describes a character or item. Achilles was one of the best examples. The Odyssey Topic Tracking: Guests and Hosts. Odysseus is cunning, or clever, in many instances throughout his journey; one needs cleverness in order to survive in this ancient world of gods and monsters. DIFFERENT TYPES OF ARETÉ— Heroic Arete. Please citespecific examples of arete in The Iliad and The Odyssey. Why was arête (‘virtue’) an important theme in Homer’s Iliad? Virtue or arete was an of import quality in Homeric society and one which features really to a great extent in the Iliad. Arete was also the name of King Alcinous's wife. In the 8th century, a Greek poet decided to write a heroic poem named “The Odyssey.” The person who wrote such an epic poem goes by the name of Homer. To have honor a man must be courageous in battle. the Odyssey. Arete is achieved by one’s actions. The arete of something is the highest quality state it can reach. When Odysseus arrived in the island, he met Nausicaa initially, who, wanting to help him, told him to appeal to her mother for protection. Alcinous takes him to the dinning, in which Odysseus is nourished. History []. Arete was identified with those who excelled, struggled, overcame, and demonstrated their "skill and prowess as a soldier in war, and as an athlete in peace." Arete was the queen of the island of Scheria in Greek mythology, wife of Alcinous, and mother of Nausicaa and Laodamas. Guests and Hosts 5: Alcinous and Arete welcome the stranger into their house when he clings to her knees and offer him food and shelter. The Odyssey can be thought of as a manual for a host of how to (and how not to) show hospitality to a guest and vice versa. "An author of the "Creon and the Concepts of Arete, Hubris, Ate and Nemesis in Antigone" paper aims to investigate the main features of the Creon as a character in a StudentShare Our website is a unique platform where students can share their papers in a matter of giving an example of the work to be done. Athena, the goddess of wisdom, is the most prominent example of the role. honor ( … ... this was a bad thing; it very well be a good thing, or a virtue (as Romans would say) or a form of excellence or arete (pronounced ah-ray-tay, as the Greeks would say). His encounter with Arete provides an example in which this is the case (Book VII, 79). They lived in eminent families under the leadership of a local oligarchy described as ’αγαθος (good). The role of the goddess is one of a supernatural being, but more importantly one in a position to pity and help mortals. Arete-Excellence In his epic poem the Iliad, Homer defines excellence in men and women. The meaning of the word changes depending on what it describes since everything has its own peculiar excellence; the arete of a man is different from the arete of a horse. Homer uses this manner of speaking to describe his main character, Odysseus. I cannot for the life of me find a proper definition for the two words, and therefore I cannot find examples of them. In Greek mythology , Queen Arete ( / ə ˈ r iː t iː / ; [1] Ancient Greek : Ἀρήτη , "she who is prayed for") of Scheria was the wife of Alcinous and mother of Nausicaa and Laodamas . Finally. Penelope's arete, for example, relates to co-operation, for which she is praised by Agamemnon. The poet of the Odyssey explores the ways stories can be told from different points of view, like the images of Helen at Troy or the different versions of the story of Agamemnon's murder. Priam also kisses Achilles' hands. Arete is a basic translation in ancient greek of the english word courage though arete technically translates as to fulfilling one's duty to the highest ability. The Odyssey. The arete of something is the highest quality state it can reach. But if you want depictions of arete, try Homer first. The qualities of cunning, disguise, and self-restraint are closely related in The Odyssey – in some ways, they're sides of the same coin. Queen, Arete, daughter of godlike King Rhexenor! The opportunity to demonstrate arete was why many Greeks went to Troy. Examples of arete are easy to find, particularly in the, since the main reason many of the warriors, including Achilles, are there is to achieve arete. According to Bernard Knox's notes found in the Robert Fagles translation of The Odyssey, "arete" is also associated with the Greek word for "pray", araomai. Please help, the homework it's needed for is due the 11th (Friday). An audience would therefore expect the same quality of speech in the Odyssey. The excellence of the gods generally included their power, but, in the Odyssey (13.42), the gods can grant excellence to a life, which is contextually understood to mean prosperity. Both men enter unseen and embrace their host or hostess at the knees. Later, it became a more generalized concept of excellence, as seen in Platonic and Aristotelian philosophy. The term arete was very prominent and influential in …show more content… However, examples within the literary narrative of the Odyssey leaves the discussion open with regards to his leadership. It referred, after all, originally to the "excellence" of the warrior, sharing a common root with the name of the war-god Ares. The Iliad was a sequel to the Odyssey. This lesson discusses the significance of Pylos in Homer's epic poem ''The Odyssey.'' Arete was also the name of King Alcinous's wife. Arete is viewed as a desirable character trait which some define as the display of perseverance, quick-wittedness, prowess, valor, etc. Throughout the Iliad there are many stories about brave warriors fighting in great battles. In many ways the Iliad and the Odyssey are tributes to this code of excellence. Examples of repetition as a literary device in The Odyssey include such phrases as "rosy-fingered dawn," "bright-eyed Athena," and "wine-dark sea." Arete is an ancient Greek word meaning excellence or virtue. Homer uses these characters to depict the several ways in which women were viewed by society. For example, in book 7, the capability of Arete the queen in the years past is related as a memory, but in the same line we are introduced to the memory that serves to contrast that capability. 24.477) and Odysseus' entreaty to Arete (Od. Two examples which can be compared are Priam's supplication of Achilles (I. 7.139). He hugs the knees of Arete and requests her for entry into his household. "Stories from the Odyssey" by H. L. Havell But Arete pleaded hard with her husband for Medeia, for her heart was softened. The Ancient Greeks applied the term to anything: for example, the excellence of a chimney, the excellence of a bull for breeding, and the excellence of a man. In regards to the Iliad the way Homer describes Achilles is an example of Arete (187). In the Homeric world, then, Arete involves all of the abilities and potentialities available to humans. In later philosophical writing, arete may mean something close to virtue, but in 's heroic code, it means the type of excellence a warrior displays by fighting well. Each suppliant then makes his plea. only from context. These women include characters such as Queen Arete, Nausicaa and, above all, Odysseus’ wife Penelope. Arete is especially prominent in Homer. Using arete as a principle for living life means that you are focused … Then, with the mentor archetype, Odysseus' father, Menelaus, is a great example. In the Iliad, the focus is narrow: we have warriors facing death at the hands of other warriors, and we get that dreadful instant transit from godlike brilliance in life (the aristeia or glory) to oblivion in death as their shades flit to Hades. Archetypes are recurrent symbols found in art and literature. In Homer’s poems the Iliad and Odyssey, the desire for areté or the possession of areté is a characteristic of the aristocracy. In men excellence is defined by succeeding in five areas. by and large in conflict and is a combination of qualities such as bravery. Arete was the first to speak, for she recognised the garments which Odysseus was wearing as the work of her own hands. | eNotes. Arete is depicted on the left, sitting between Nausicaa and Alcinous. 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