The study was approved by the Ethics Committee of the School of Psychology at South China Normal University. Participants’ degree of love for A (excellent and high similarity with the participants) was still higher than hate after negative events occurred, but the tendency for B (excellent and moderate similarity) and C (low excellence and low similarity) is opposite. “Hate is the imitation of love,” in The Psychology of Hate ed. 81. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. doi: 10.1177/0146167214528989, Izard, C. E. (1977). In addition, people have different emotional reactions toward different people in the context of romantic love and hate. The editor and reviewers' affiliations are the latest provided on their Loop research profiles and may not reflect their situation at the time of review. Arch. Therefore, our study investigates how these two affects are related. 8:1940. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2017.01940. “Hate is the imitation of love,” in The Psychology of Hate, ed. 56:784. doi: 10.1037/0022-3514.56.5.784, Hudson, N. W., Fraley, R. C., Brumbaugh, C. C., and Vicary, A. M. (2014). The relationship between love and hate can be explained from different perspectives. Evolution of human serial pairbonding. The vignettes used in the present experimental paradigm were adapted from a previous study that investigated the neural correlates of envy and schadenfreude (Takahashi et al., 2009). That is, in managing their relationships with others, people are at the same time managing themselves and their psyches (Alford, 2005). Roughly 18% of the participants said they were looking for a relationship, 33% were in a relationship, 24% had experienced a break-up, and the remaining 25% had not been in any relationships. 27, 1–13. Further simple effect analyses found that participants’ love of target A was significantly higher than that of hate, even if they were betrayed by target A [A-Love: 5.53 ± 0.48, A-Hate: 5.25 ± 0.57; F(1,58) = 17.889, p < 0.001, η2 = 0.236]. 55:557. doi: 10.1037/0022-3514.55.4.557, Fehr, B., and Russell, J. Simple effect tests were performed when the interaction effect was significant. Increasingly, empirical research has been carried out on the relationship between love and hate. Prototype analysis of the concepts of love and commitment. Am. The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) or licensor are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. This study also provided support for the relationship between romantic love and hate, and highlighted the important role of similarity in moderating the relationship between love and hate. Language of love and hate of persons diagnosed with antisocial personality. Autor Tema: Whitesnake - The deeper of love (Leído 610 veces) Vulcano. The PLS is suitable for individuals who are and are not in a relationship, and for individuals who have never been in a romantic relationship (Hatfield and Sprecher, 1986; Aron et al., 2005). Later a number one hit for Take That, the Gibb brothers' … If, initially, the individual loved the target the most, the degree of love is still higher than that of hate after the negative event. Hate multiplies hate, violence multiplies violence, and toughness multiplies toughness in a descending spiral of destruction. Measuring passionate love in intimate relationships. The Bee Gees were responsible for some of pop's greatest moments, and at the height of their disco comeback in the late 1970s, they scored a massive hit with the love song 'How Deep is Your Love'. Previous studies have found that attraction is a crucial condition for the development of romantic love (Cutler et al., 1998; Braxton-Davis, 2010; Miller and Maner, 2010). This is why people experience such pain upon betrayal in a romantic relationship. J. Pers. Additionally, stronger feelings of love were associated with greater hate after the relationship was broken, suggesting a link between romantic love and hate. Just before the chaos, a Deep Ellum muralist was spreading love not hate Gabriel Thomas’ timely mural instantly became a selfie hot spot. Psychol. -. Participants were then asked to imagine that they were in a romantic relationship with the target. We hypothesized that greater similarity between a participant (protagonist) and a target would be associated with greater feelings of love, and that when negative events occur with the protagonist’s romantic partner, the target would be associated with greater feelings of hate. Philos. What predicts romantic relationship satisfaction and mate retention intensity: mate preference fulfillment or mate value discrepancies? Romantic hate may be rooted in romantic jealousy. Hatfield, E., and Sprecher, S. (1998). Conversely, participants’ love for target B was significantly lower than that of hate [B-Love: 4.52 ± 0.54, B-Hate: 4.84 ± 0.55; F(1,58) = 14.652, p < 0.001, η2 = 0.202]. See Supplementary Table S1 for details. Participants gave one love score per item per target person in Part 1 and one hate score per negative event per target person in Part 2, as well as two PLS scores before and after the negative events. Swensen, C. H. (1972). Hatfield, E., Utne, M. K., and Traupmann, J. It was covered by The Good Music Orchestra conducted by Sven Libaek, Barry Crocker, Scott Chapman, Berry Lipman and His Orchestra and other artists. The scores from love ratings, hate ratings, and the PLS items were averaged within subjects prior to the analyses. Think of it like a pool of emotion…hate made that scar…but the deeper someone hurts (yes, hate can often be inspired from pain, not all of the time, but most of the time), the greater capacity they have for happiness and love. Each trait was followed by a subsequent negative event, which was presented for 2000 ms or until response. Copyright © 2017 Jin, Xiang and Lei. eCollection 2020. Psychol. Moreover, cognitive jealousy is directly related to relationship dissatisfaction between lovers (Elphinston et al., 2013). Rep. 49, 23–31. However, few studies have been conducted on the relationship between love and hate. Front Psychol. Love and Hate in the Deep South In the season two premiere, Jamali spends time with hate preacher Ruben Israel and his fundamentalist disciples as they attempt to disrupt the New Orleans "Southern Decadence" festival. Psychol. “The passionate love scale,” in Handbook of Sexuality-related Measures, eds T. D. Fisher, C. M. Davis, W. L. Yaber, and S. L. Davis (Thousand Oaks, CA: Taylor & Francis), 449–451. Thus, in our context, the more one loves a person, the more psychological investment one makes. J. Neurophysiol. A 1000 ms inter-stimulus interval was interleaved between each trait and negative event. Soc. Participants were then asked to rate how much hate they felt toward A, B, and C (1 = none; 6 = extreme hate). (1988). Next, the participants were asked to recall relevant key details about themselves by responding to sentences beginning with “I am…” Following this, participants were instructed to read three vignettes describing three different situations. Tjeltveit, A. C. (2003). Our study revealed a complex picture of love and hate. (Washington, DC: APA; ) 235–254. 14 6–10. 25, 151–176. J. Pers. A man with pure spirit and deep love for … 2010;Spec No 1(1):157-65. The characters in the scenario included one protagonist and three targets. Post, S. G. (2002). R. Soc. 93, 119–135. A shortened version of the song was included on Madonna's second greatest hits compilation, … To some extent, they considered the equivalence in social status between both partners to be an important factor relating to relationship satisfaction. *** The Bee Gees – "How Deep Is Your Love" HIT #1: December 24, 1977 STAYED AT #1: 3 weeks As a movie, Saturday Night Fever is one hell of a downer. Hum. The DEEPER Life: ACCEPT HIS LOVE Think about this, the God of the universe loves you so much that He left everything to be with you, to sacrifice His life that you could be with Him. Cronbach’s alpha coefficient was 0.94 in the present study. 2004 Jul;8(3):303-14. “Equity theory and intimate relationships,” in Social Exchange in Developing Relationships, eds R. Burgess and T. L. Huston (New York, NY: Academic Press), 99–133. INTRO: Dsus2/A Dsus2/A Bm/F#m E/F#m A E When I look back on everything I've done Dsus2 Asus2 A … Previous research has focused on the classification, functions, and other aspects of these two affects. McNair Scholars J. Instead of focusing on my lack of love for Jesus, I focus on his love for me. Although we study the nature of love and hate from a rational point of view and from an emotional perspective to explain the precursors of these two basic emotions, humans are emotional beings. Many aspects of similarity have been studied in relation to attraction. 21, 276–283. Psychology’s love–hate relationship with love: critiques and affirmations. Further analyses of the simple main effects showed that the degree of love toward target A (5.53 ± 0.48) was significantly higher than that of target B (4.52 ± 0.54) [F(1,58) = 177.796, p < 0.001, η2 = 0.754], and the degree of love toward B was significantly higher than that of target C (1.66 ± 0.45) [F(1,58) = 977.526, p < 0.001, η2 = 0.944]. First, even though we emphasized that the protagonist would be described in three different relationships in different periods of life, this manipulation could not guarantee that participants could generate independent feelings of love for the three target persons. Psychol. The authors declare that the research was conducted in the absence of any commercial or financial relationships that could be construed as a potential conflict of interest. Intense, Passionate, Romantic Love: A Natural Addiction? As Alford (2005) proposed, hate is an imitation of love and also a type of relationship with others and oneself. Hate, within the context of a romantic relationship, arises mainly from a relational betrayal. Soc. Psychol. Scent of a woman: men’s testosterone responses to olfactory ovulation cues. Additionally, stronger feelings of love were associated with greater hate after the relationship was broken, suggesting a link between romantic love and hate. We love because he first loved us. doi: 10.1037/h0029841, Schafer, R. B., and Keith, P. M. (1990). Alford C. F. (2005). Read 24 reviews from the world's largest community for readers. Further simple main effect analyses revealed that after the negative event manipulation, participants’ love scores for target A was significantly lower than before the manipulation [A-Before: 109.73 ± 11.80, A-After: 88.95 ± 22.00; F(1,58) = 74.822, p < 0.001, η2 = 0.560]. (2009). Across the different targets, the results of the one-way repeated measures ANOVA revealed significant differences in the degree of hate after the negative event manipulation [F(2,116) = 229.64, p < 0.001, η2 = 0.798]. This idea justified us carrying out the current study were also limited by the Ethics Committee of the complete of... Whom one loves someone deeply and sometimes hates that person, the findings of Creative... 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